Interior Decoration Glossary
Embellishing a house is no simple task and also when your interior decorator is throwing around terms like ballast, chair rail and also gate-leg table, it can end up being quite confusing. That is why I am right here to provide our glossary of interior design.
All the terms below may or may not be made use of when reviewing your interior design plans with a professional or manufacturer. By knowing, or simply maintaining record of all the terms below, you can bargain and also develop with the very best of them.
Did we miss out on a term? Add your very own in the remarks section below.
Ambient: The environmental conditions in the room.
Ambient Lighting: General lighting diffused within an entire room.
Accessories: Little things such as vases, books, lamps, plants, florals and also sculptures made use of to individualize a room.
Ballast: A gadget that regulates the current in a fluorescent light.
Base Cabinets: Cabinets made use of on the floor to provide countertop assistance and also is typically 34 1/2 inches high and also 24 inches deep.
Beveled Glass: Clear or mirrored glass in which the edge boundary (normally 1" vast) has actually been reduced at an angle to attain a different aesthetic effect. On clear glass, it produces a distorted prism effect, and also on mirrored glass, it adds a reflective "sparkle".
Boilerplate: The basic terms and conditions on a purchase order or various other paper.
Reinforce: A lengthy cushion or pillow normally positioned on a chair, sofa or bed.
Case-Goods: Furniture made of hard materials such as wood, metal, glass or plastic. Examples of case-goods are breasts, tables, cabinets, bookshelves and also cabinets.
Chair Rail: An item of ornamental molding positioned around 30" off the floor to secure wall surfaces from being scraped by chair backs.
Chaise Longue or Lounge: A long, low upholstered sofa in the shape of a chair that is long enough to sustain the legs.
Timeless Crown Molding: Type of crown molding normally made use of to combination with extra moldings. Timeless crown is bigger and also has much more ornamental accounts.
Claw Foot Tub: A bathtub mounted off of the floor on four legs. The base of each leg is formed like a claw foot.
Clear Floor Space: An area that is devoid of blockage. The term is typically made use of in cooking areas of the recommendations for clearances at a devices or job center.
Color Performance: An index of how light makes things appear.
Console Sink: A sink basin supported by legs, which can be metal or wood.
Console Table: A lengthy slim table made use of for displaying ornamental things, lights, florals, etc. It's typically positioned in a foyer or behind a sofa.
Contemporary: The design fundamental to the present time. Often confused with "modern.".
Contrast: The difference in brightness between surface areas in the field of view.
Credenza: A huge low closet, normally 30" -36" high with a flat top made use of for serving and also storage.
Eco-Friendly: Having little or no influence on the native community.
Egress: A course or opening for exiting a room or building.
Faux-Finish: A decorative strategy in which paint or stain is applied to a surface area to mimic another material such as wood, marble or granite.
Feng Shui: Actually equated as wind and also water. An ancient Chinese scientific technique based upon selecting the optimal placement, plan and also selection of things and also surface areas to encourage positive energy or chi.
Fluorescent Lighting: A kind of lights in which an electrical charge is passed through mercury vapor to develop a chain reaction that creates light. It utilizes much less energy and also produces less heat than incandescent or halogen lights, however the light quality and also shade making capabilities are decreased.
Prime focus: A visual center of rate of interest or point of emphasis in a room.
Gate-Leg Table: A design of drop-leaf table with leaves that are supported by additional legs that turn out like gates.
Green Layout: A design, likewise referred to as a lasting layout or eco-design, which complies with environmentally appear principles of building, material and also energy use.
Halogen Lighting: A kind of lights in which a tungsten filament is sealed into a portable clear vessel and also full of a percentage of iodine or bromine to develop a chain reaction that creates light. The light from a halogen bulb is much better at displaying shades than conventional incandescent or fluorescent bulbs.
Incandescent Lighting: A kind of lights in which an electric current is passed through a slim filament, heating it to a temperature level that creates light. The enclosing glass bulb contains either a vacuum or an inert gas to stop oxidation of the filament. Incandescent bulbs are cost-effective and also develop great all-natural light and also shade makings, however utilize even more energy and also generate even more heat than fluorescent bulbs.
Knock-Down: Furniture that is offered unassembled or partially assembled.
Lazy Susan: A corner closet in which the shelves are mounted on a vertical axle such that things may be fetched by pushing on the shelves. This type is normally found in cooking areas. When pushed on the closet, "doors" reveal the shelves, which are round except for the ninety-degree intermediary where the doors are mounted.
Lumbar Cushion: A little rectangle-shaped cushion created to sustain the reduced back. You see these with elbow chairs and also couches.
Mid-Century Modern: A decorative design first popularized in the late 1940s characterized by tidy lines, the use of modern materials such as plastic and also light weight aluminum, and also a smooth marginal account.
Single: A color design developed around one hue, with several of its tones and also colors.
Mullion: The wood or metal divider panels made use of between the different panes of glass on multi-paned home windows. Modern home windows typically feature fake ornamental mullions.
Ottoman: An upholstered feces or hassock, created to address the foot of a chair.
Necklace: A lighting fixture hung from the ceiling including one or more lamps.
Peninsula: An area of cabinets or counter attached to the kitchen area that can be accessed via one to 3 sides.
Picture Aircraft: The airplane on which the picture is seen.
Picture Rail: A straight trim item set up high up on a wall as a means of hanging pictures without puncturing the wall with nails.
Pocket Door: A door that moves flat on a track and also is typically moved inside a wall for storage.
Primaries: The 3 basic shades of which all various other shades are comprised of: red, yellow and also blue.
R&R: Remove and also Replace. It's a term explaining an easy remodeling job that includes removing and also changing kitchen cabinetry, fixtures and also home appliances without structural or mechanical adjustments.
Redeem: To utilize a product once more after its initial use.
Replacement Element: The percent of time that a thing will certainly require substitute.
Runner: A lengthy slim area rug created to enter a hallway or entrance hall.
Extent: The amount of the products and services to be offered as a job.
Service Entry: A second, casual entry to the residence, made use of for generating grocery stores and also products. It's typically close to the kitchen area, garage or carport.
Settee: A lengthy wood or upholstered bench with a back, created to seat 2 or even more individuals.
Slipcover: A removable material cover for a chair, sofa or loveseat.
Soffit: A decreased portion of a ceiling.
Sub-Flooring: The flooring used directly to the floor joist on top of which the completed floor rests.
Job Lighting: A lighting resource routed to a details objective within a room. Reading lights in a living room or under-counter lights in a kitchen are examples of task lights.
Tint: Any type of shade blended with white (i.e. all pastel shades are colors).
Tone: Any type of shade blended with gray (most warm-looking shades are tones).
Torchere: A floor light that directs light upwards to provide ambient room lights.
Tufting: The furniture procedure of securely gathering material over a padded base and also protecting the collected portion to a repaired support utilizing stitching or buttons. This procedure produces little quilts of material, known as "tufts".
Universal Layout: The layout of items and also atmospheres to be useable by all individuals to the greatest degree feasible.
Valance: A decorative home window therapy mounted throughout the top of a home window (outside the case). They are normally integrated with blinds, drape panels, or sheers.
Vanity: Shower room closet with the bathroom on the type.
Veneer: A thin layer of wood produced by peeling off the trunk of a tree on a roller to generate long sheets with a constant grain pattern. This layer is after that applied to a strong or fiber board support to develop an extra consistent look.
Vintage: Furniture and also ornamental aspects that are between 10 and also 100 years of ages. Components are typically found at flea markets, yard sales and also specialized "vintage" stores.
Wainscoting: Paneling on the reduced fifty percent of a wall that differs from the upper fifty percent. A chair rail normally divides it.
Work Aisle: Space needed to operate at the kitchen area job facilities.