Interior Design Glossary

Decorating a home is no simple task and also when your interior decorator is spraying terms like ballast, chair rail and also gate-leg table, it can end up being rather complicated. That is why I am right here to present our glossary of interior design.

All the terms listed below may or may not be made use of when reviewing your interior design strategies with a professional or supplier. By knowing, or simply keeping record of all the terms listed below, you can negotiate and also create with the best of them.

Did we miss a term? Include your own in the comments area listed below.

Ambient: The environmental problems in the space.

Ambient Illumination: General lighting diffused within an entire space.

Accessories: Little items such as flower holders, books, lights, plants, florals and also sculptures made use of to customize a room.

Ballast: A gadget that manages the existing in a fluorescent lamp.

Base Cabinets: Cabinets made use of on the flooring to provide kitchen counter assistance and also is generally 34 1/2 inches tall and also 24 inches deep.

Beveled Glass: Clear or mirrored glass in which the side perimeter (normally 1" broad) has been cut at an angle to achieve a contrasting aesthetic effect. On clear glass, it creates a distorted prism effect, and also on mirrored glass, it includes a reflective "glimmer".

Boilerplate: The standard terms on a purchase order or other record.

Reinforce: A long cushion or padding normally positioned on a chair, sofa or bed.

Case-Goods: Furnishings made from tough materials such as wood, metal, glass or plastic. Instances of case-goods are upper bodies, tables, cabinets, bookshelves and also cabinets.

Chair Rail: A piece of ornamental molding positioned around 30" off the flooring to safeguard walls from being scraped by chair backs.

Chaise Longue or Lounge: A long, reduced upholstered couch in the form of a chair that is long sufficient to support the legs.

Timeless Crown Molding: Type of crown molding normally made use of to combination with added moldings. Timeless crown is larger and also has much more ornamental profiles.

Claw Foot Tub: A tub placed off of the flooring on four legs. The base of each leg is formed like a claw foot.

Clear Flooring Area: An area that is devoid of obstruction. The term is generally made use of in kitchens of the recommendations for clearances at an appliances or job center.

Shade Rendition: An index of just how light makes items appear.

Console Sink: A sink basin sustained by legs, which can be metal or wooden.

Console Table: A long slim table made use of for presenting ornamental items, lighting, florals, etc. It's usually positioned in an entrance hall or behind a sofa.

Contemporary: The design fundamental to the here and now time. Often confused with "contemporary.".

Comparison: The distinction in illumination in between surfaces in the field of view.

Credenza: A huge reduced cupboard, normally 30" -36" high with a flat top made use of for serving and also storage space.

Eco-Friendly: Having little or no effect on the indigenous ecosystem.

Egress: A path or opening for leaving a room or building.

Faux-Finish: A decorative method in which paint or stain is related to a surface to simulate another product such as wood, marble or granite.

Feng Shui: Essentially translated as wind and also water. An old Chinese clinical practice based upon choosing the ideal positioning, setup and also option of items and also surfaces to encourage favorable energy or chi.

Fluorescent Illumination: A sort of lighting in which an electrical fee is gone through mercury vapor to create a chain reaction that creates light. It uses much less energy and also creates less warmth than incandescent or halogen lighting, but the light top quality and also color rendering abilities are reduced.

Centerpiece: A visual center of rate of interest or point of focus in a room.

Gate-Leg Table: A style of drop-leaf table with fallen leaves that are sustained by added legs that swing out like gateways.

Environment-friendly Design: A style, also described as a sustainable style or eco-design, which conforms to environmentally appear concepts of building, product and also energy usage.

Halogen Illumination: A sort of lighting in which a tungsten filament is secured right into a small transparent vessel and also filled with a small amount of iodine or bromine to create a chain reaction that creates light. The light from a halogen bulb is much better at presenting shades than standard incandescent or fluorescent bulbs.

Incandescent Illumination: A sort of lighting in which an electrical current is gone through a thin filament, heating it to a temperature that creates light. The confining glass bulb contains either a vacuum or an inert gas to avoid oxidation of the filament. Incandescent bulbs are low-cost and also create excellent natural light and also color makings, but use more energy and also create more warmth than fluorescent bulbs.

Knock-Down: Furnishings that is offered unassembled or partially assembled.

Careless Susan: An edge cupboard in which the racks are placed on an upright axle such that products may be obtained by pushing on the racks. This type is normally found in kitchens. When pushed on the cupboard, "doors" reveal the racks, which are round besides the ninety-degree intermediary where the doors are placed.

Lumbar Cushion: A small rectangle-shaped cushion created to support the lower back. You see these with elbow chairs and also couches.

Mid-Century Modern: A decorative design initial promoted in the late 1940s characterized by clean lines, making use of contemporary materials such as plastic and also aluminum, and also a sleek very little profile.

Monochromatic: A color pattern built around one color, with numerous of its shades and also tints.

Mullion: The wood or metal dividers made use of in between the various panes of glass on multi-paned windows. Modern windows usually feature faux ornamental mullions.

Ottoman: An upholstered stool or hassock, created to address the foot of a chair.

Pendant: A lighting component hung from the ceiling containing several lights.

Peninsula: An area of cabinets or counter fastened to the kitchen area that can be accessed by means of one to three sides.

Picture Aircraft: The aircraft on which the picture is seen.

Picture Rail: A horizontal trim item installed high up on a wall surface as a means of hanging pictures without puncturing the wall with nails.

Pocket Door: A door that glides flat on a track and also is generally relocated inside a wall surface for storage space.

Primary Colors: The three fundamental shades of which all other shades are consisted of: red, yellow and also blue.

R&R: Remove and also Replace. It's a term defining a straightforward improvement task that includes eliminating and also changing cabinetry, fixtures and also devices without architectural or mechanical modifications.

Reclaim: To use an item once more after its first usage.

Replacement Element: The portion of time that a product will certainly call for substitute.

Jogger: A long slim area rug created to enter a corridor or entrance hall.

Range: The sum of the product or services to be supplied as a job.

Solution Entry: A 2nd, casual entrance to the residence, made use of for generating groceries and also products. It's usually near the kitchen area, garage or carport.

Settee: A long wooden or upholstered bench with a back, created to seat two or more people.

Slipcover: A removable fabric cover for a chair, sofa or loveseat.

Soffit: A decreased section of a ceiling.

Sub-Flooring: The floor covering applied directly to the flooring joist on top of which the finished flooring rests.

Task Illumination: A lighting source routed to a particular function within a room. Reading lights in a living-room or under-counter lighting in a kitchen area are instances of task lighting.

Tint: Any kind of color blended with white (i.e. all light shades are tints).

Tone: Any kind of color blended with grey (most warm-looking shades are tones).

Torchere: A floor lamp that routes light upward to provide ambient space lighting.

Tufting: The upholstery procedure of securely gathering fabric over a padded base and also protecting the collected section to a repaired support using stitching or buttons. This procedure creates little patchworks of fabric, called "tufts".

Universal Design: The style of items and also environments to be able to be used by all people to the greatest level feasible.

Valance: A decorative window treatment placed throughout the top of a window (outside the covering). They are normally incorporated with blinds, curtain panels, or sheers.

Vanity: Restroom cupboard with the lavatory on the type.

Veneer: A thin layer of wood produced by peeling the trunk of a tree on a roller to create long sheets with a constant grain pattern. This layer is then related to a solid or fiber board support to create a much more uniform look.

Vintage: Furnishings and also ornamental elements that are in between 10 and also 100 years of ages. Components are usually found at flea markets, yard sale and also specialized "vintage" retailers.

Wainscoting: Paneling on the lower half of a wall surface that differs from the upper half. A chair rail normally divides it.

Job Aisle: Area needed to operate at the kitchen area job centers.